Dominica is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea and part of the Lesser Antilles. It is situated between Martinique to the south and the French islands of Guadeloupe and Marie-Galante to the north. Since gaining its independence in 1978, the nation has belonged to the Commonwealth.
The island is 47 kilometers (29 miles) long and up to 16 miles wide (26 km). Roseau is the country's capital and main port. Generations of nature enthusiasts have been awed by Dominica's outstanding natural beauty, particularly its breathtaking mountainous geography.
The island was formed by volcanic activity. There are several active volcanoes in Dominica. However, eruptions are seldom. Hot springs and fumaroles are further indicators of geothermal activity. Boiling Lake is located in the south at the height of 2,300 feet (700 meters); Due to the pressure of releasing gases, its waters are frequently raised 3 feet (1 metre) above usual. Rich volcanic and alluvial soils cover the island. There are many rivers, none of which can be navigated.
Dominica has a lovely climate, especially from December to March when it's cooler. The typical summer high temperature is 90 °F (32 °C). The typical high temperature in winter is slightly lower, ranging from 84 to 86 °F (29 to 30 °C). February through May is the dry season, while June through October is the rainy season when hurricanes are most prone to occur (tropical cyclones). Rainfall varies, with the mountainous interior seeing the heaviest amounts. Although the amount of rainfall on the coast ranges from about 60 inches (1,500 mm) to 145 inches (3,700 mm), it can exceed 250 inches in the highlands (6,350 mm).