Syria is a country located in the Middle East. The official name of Syria is the Syrian Arab Republic. Syria is bordered by Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, and Turkey. Damascus is the capital and largest city of Syria. Syria has a population of 22 million people. The official language of Syria is Arabic.

It’s been almost three years now since the Syrian Civil War started. And while things seem to be settling down a bit, it’s still unsafe to travel to Syria. That said, you can do plenty of things if you want to see the country up close. From visiting ancient ruins to experiencing the local culture, there is much to see and do in Syria, no matter where you choose. So read on for ideas about what to do when visiting this fascinating country.

Visitors to Syria must obtain a visa from one of the Syrian diplomatic missions unless they come from one of the visa-exempt countries or have a residence permit. Nationals of most Arab League countries can enter Syria with only their national ID card. All other visitors must apply for a visa at a Syrian embassy or consulate before travel


The visa application process generally requires supporting documents, such as a passport, proof of onward travel, and bank statements to show that you can afford your stay. The Syrian government has been known to deny visas to travelers it believes may be critical of the regime.

Once you have your Syria visa, you can enter the country through any airport or land border crossing. Your Syria visa will be stamped in your passport, and you must present it again when exiting the country.

  • Syria is home to some of the world's most ancient and important archaeological sites, including Palmyra, an oasis in the Syrian Desert that was once one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire. In addition, Syria is home to several Crusader castles and the remains of the Umayyad Mosque, one of the largest mosques in the world.
  • Other places of interest include Aleppo, Damascus, and Homs. Aleppo is Syria's largest city and has a long history dating back to before the Arab conquest. It is known for its traditional souks (markets) and architecture. Damascus is Syria's capital and oldest city, with a history of over 8,000 years. Today it is a bustling metropolis with a cosmopolitan atmosphere. Homs is Syria's third-largest city and was once an important Silk Road trade route stop.

Types Of Syria Visa

There are three types of Syria visas: the ordinary visa, the official visa, and the diplomatic visa. The ordinary visa is granted for tourism, business, study, or work purposes. The official visa is issued to government officials and employees of international organizations. The diplomatic visa is issued to diplomats and other high-ranking officials.

  • If you are visiting Syria for tourism purposes only and will not be working or studying in the country, a tourist visa is likely what you will need. You must apply online at the Norwegian Foreign Ministry website and include your passport photo, two copies of your visa application form, airport arrival card from your last destination in Syria (if applicable), and a return air ticket. Your visa will be valid for 72 hours from when it is issued.
  • If you wish to conduct business in Syria, you will need a business visa. To obtain this type of visa, you must submit an application along with documents that prove your intention to do business in Syria (e.g., company registration documents, contracts), pay a fee ($180 USD as of December 2016), and provide biometric data (fingerprints). Your visa will be valid for one year and can be extended once for an additional year if necessary.
  • If you wish to study or conduct research in Syria, you will need a research visa. To obtain this type of visa, you must submit an application along with documentation showing that your research is legitimate (e.g., letters from professors), pay a fee ($1 600 USD as of December 2016), and provide biometric data (fingerprints).

Syria Visa Rules and Regulations

Syria visa rules and regulations are constantly changing. The latest information can be found on the Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.

  • Syrians need a visa to enter most countries. A Syrian passport is required for all foreigners entering Syria. Visas are not required for Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Tunisia nationals.
  • The types of visas available are business visas, tourist visas, work visas, and student visas. Business visas are valid for one month and allow multiple entries. Tourist visas are valid for up to three months and allow multiple entries. Work visas are valid for up to one year and allow multiple entries. Student visas are valid for the duration of your studies.
  • The Syrian government charges a reciprocity fee for certain nationalities (including Australians and Americans). The reciprocity fee must be paid in cash when you apply for your visa at the Syrian embassy or consulate.
  • Your passport must be valid for at least six months from entry into Syria. You will need to provide two recent passport-sized photographs with your application form.
  • Visas can be applied in person at the nearest Syrian embassy, consulate, or by post. You will need to provide your completed application form, passport and photos, and the reciprocity fee (if applicable).
  • Work permits must be obtained from the Ministry of Labour

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

If you are a citizen of the United States, you will need a visa to travel to Syria. Syrians living in the United States on a non-immigrant visa are not eligible for a waiver of the visa requirement.

Syrians who have been granted asylum or refugee status in the United States are also not eligible for a waiver of the visa requirement.

U.S. citizens who attempt to enter Syria without a valid visa may be detained and deported by Syrian authorities. In addition, U.S. citizens who travel to Syria without a valid visa may be denied entry into Syria and may be subject to other immigration penalties

You can apply for a visa to Syria in a few different ways. The most common way is to go through your home country's Syrian embassy or consulate. You will need to submit a visa application, which you can usually get from the embassy or consulate, along with any required documents.

Another way to apply for a visa to Syria is through a travel agency. Many travel agencies have relationships with the Syrian embassy or consulate and can help you with the visa application process.

Once you have your visa, you must show it to immigration officials when you arrive in Syria. They will stamp it and put an expiration date on it. Make sure you keep your visa safe and do not lose it, as you will not be able to extend it once it expires.

To obtain a Syria visa, applicants must submit the following documents:

-A completed visa application form

-A passport-size photograph

-A valid passport with at least 6 months of remaining validity

-Proof of travel itinerary (flight reservations or hotel booking confirmation)

-Proof of financial means (bank statements, credit card statements, etc.)

-A letter of invitation from a Syrian sponsor (if applicable)

A Syria visa is valid for 3 months from the date of issue. After this, the visa must be renewed.

Syria visas are available to citizens of most countries, with a few exceptions. To apply for a Syria visa, you will need a passport valid for at least six months from your planned arrival in Syria and two blank visa pages. You will also need proof of travel insurance and a flight itinerary. If you are traveling for business purposes, you will need to provide a letter of invitation from your Syrian sponsor.

If you are planning to travel to Syria, it is important to know how many days before your trip you need to apply for a visa. Depending on your nationality, applying for a visa can take up to two months. If you are a United States, Canadian, or Australian citizen, you must apply for a visa through the Syrian Embassy in Washington, D.C. The embassy website has a list of required documents that you will need to submit with your application.

It is recommended that you apply for your visa at least 60 days in advance of your travel date. This will give you plenty of time to gather the required documents and submit your application. If you wait until closer to your travel date, there is a risk that your visa will not be processed in time, and you will have to cancel or postpone your trip.

To visit Syria, you must obtain a visa before your trip. The type of visa that you will need depends on the purpose and duration of your stay in Syria. A multiple-entry visa allows you to enter Syria multiple times within the visa's validity period. This is ideal for travelers planning to make multiple trips to Syria or unsure of their travel plans. A single-entry visa allows you to enter Syria only once within the visa's validity period. This is ideal for travelers who have a specific itinerary and do not plan on making any changes to their travel plans.

There is no need to print out the visa which you received in your mail. You can show the embassy staff the email when you arrive.


Things to be Done in Syria


There is something for everyone when exploring Syria – whether you’re looking for ancient sites, world-renowned cuisine, or simply some peace. Here are a few things to consider when planning your trip to the Middle Eastern country:

1. Aleppo is recognized as one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Take a walk through its ancient neighborhoods and visit famous landmarks such as the Umayyad Mosque and the Citadel.

2. If you’re interested in food, Aleppo is a must-visit destination. In addition to traditional Syrian dishes such as kebabs and shawarma, visitors can enjoy some of the region’s most iconic dishes such as baklava and ful medames.

3. If you want to get out of town, don’t miss trips to surrounding villages like Azaz and Marea – both located within easy reach of Aleppo. Both villages offer unique cultural experiences that are worth taking in during your time in Syria.


Syria is a fascinating country with a long history and many attractions. Here are five things to do in Damascus, the capital:

1. visit the famous Umayyad Mosque in the Old City of Damascus. This is one of the largest mosques in the world and was built in 706 AD. You can climb to the top of the minaret for an impressive view of Damascus.

2. explore the Old City of Damascus, which is filled with churches, synagogues, and other historical sites. It's easy to get lost wandering through this maze-like district, so be sure to have a map handy.

3. take a walk along the River Ghouta, which flows through Damascus and provides beautiful views of the cityscape. The Ghouta has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site because it contains some of Syria's best-preserved traditional architecture.

4. visit one of Syria's many archaeological sites, such as Mari or Palmyra. These sites are well worth a visit if you're interested in ancient history; be sure to wear sunscreen and bring plenty of water since there is no public transportation available in these areas.

5. go horseback riding in rural areas near Damascus; this is an enjoyable way to see some of Syria's stunning landscape without having to travel too far away from town

Apply for Syria Visa Online

Syria has two visa types: a business visa and a tourist visa. To apply for a Syria visa online, you will need to fill out an application form and submit it to the Syrian Embassy or Consulate in your country of residence.

When applying for a Syria visa online, you must provide your personal information, passport details, and travel itinerary. You will also need to pay the visa application fee. Once your application is processed, you will receive your Syria visa via email.

Types of Syria E-Visa

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Syria Facts and Figures

OFFICIAL NAME: Syrian Arab Republic
FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy
CAPITAL: Damascus
POPULATION:(2022 est.) 27,569,000
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian
MONEY:Syrian pound
AREA: 71,498 sq mi (185,180 sq km)
RIVER: The Euphrates River